Vol. 57 No. 2 (2018)
Articles

Amplitude versus offset (AVO) modelling and analysis for quantitative interpretation of porosity and saturation: A case study for Sawan gas field, middle Indus basin, Pakistan

Muhammad Rizwan
Management

Published 2018-04-01

Keywords

  • Amplitude versus offset (AVO) modelling, Fluid substitution, Reservoir parame- ters, Quantitative interpretation, Seismic response, Sawan gas field.

How to Cite

Rizwan, M. (2018). Amplitude versus offset (AVO) modelling and analysis for quantitative interpretation of porosity and saturation: A case study for Sawan gas field, middle Indus basin, Pakistan. Geofísica Internacional, 57(2). https://doi.org/10.22201/igeof.00167169p.2018.57.2.2114

Abstract

Porosity and water saturation are among the important reservoir parameters in terms of reservoir monitoring which in turn are necessary for placement of future production wells. Amplitude versus offset (AVO) modelling and analysis technique have been utilized for quantitative interpretation of porosity and water saturation. For AVO modeling, Gassmann fluid substitution model in connection with 2D seismic angle gathers were used for reservoir monitoring over Sawan-4 and Sawan-7 wells. AVO modellingresults showed significant increase of density log by substituting gas by water, moderate increase of P-wave velocity and no change in S-wave velocity. Moreover, AVO modelling proved a strong relationship between porosity and reflection amplitude for all offset ranges. The class IV anomaly was evident for all porosities down to 5%. From fluid substitution modelling it is evidentthat changes in water saturation do not change the AVO effect significantly which further substantiate by investigation of pre-stack time migration (PSTM) gathers verifying the modelling results. The amplitude relationship between Sawan-4 and Sawan-7 is close to the modelled result. The amplitude and the AVO behaviour indicate lower porosity or significantly reduced sand thickness in the vicinity of Sawan-4 and Sawan-7 wells.